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Redfin Pickerel
Redfin Pickerel,  Esox americanus

 
Physical Description: 
	Elongate, slightly compressed, relatively deep body 
	Unspotted red fins
	Barred body
	Single dorsal and anal fins far posterior on the body
	Forked tail
	Head slopes to a point, jaws are long and duckbill-shaped, short snout
	Terminal, toothed mouth 
	Thick line below eye at a downward angle 
	Jaw extends to the back of the eye; chain pickerel jaw stops at the eye  

Similar species: 
	Chain pickerel (Esox niger)

Mean body size:
	Adults are 150-200 mm total length

Habitat:
	Vegetated shallows and backwaters of warm-water aquatic systems
	Also found in brackish and tidal waters
 
Distribution in VA:
	Roanoke, Chowan, and all Atlantic slope drainages, except the James 

Food Habits:  
	Young feed on small crustaceans and aquatic insects
	Adults feed mainly on fish and crayfish 

Reproductive Habits: 
	Mature at age 2 or 3
	Spawning occurs in 2-4 weeks in early spring in water 4-10C
	Group spawning in shallow, heavily vegetated areas 
	Fecundity is 186-542 eggs per female 

Population Status, Economic, or Ecological Importance: 
	A significant role in controlling small-fish populations

References:       

Jenkins, R.E and N.M. Burkhead. 1993. Freshwater Fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
If you are seeking more information for the above species click on the VAFWIS logo (The Virginia Fish and Wildlife Information Service):

VAFWIS
Chain Pickerel
Chain Pickerel
Muskellunge
Muskellunge
Northern Pike
Northern Pike
Redfin Pike
Redfin Pike
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